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July 19, 2023

Reggio Emilia and Montessori Education: What’s Best For Your Child?

By Bumo

Reggio Emilia and Montessori Education: What's Best For Your Child?


When it comes to early childhood education, there are several renowned approaches that have captured the attention of educators and parents alike. Two such methodologies that often come up in discussions are Reggio Emilia and Montessori. While both approaches share some similarities in their focus on child-centered learning, they also exhibit significant differences in their philosophies and methodologies. In this blog post, we will delve into the distinctions between Reggio Emilia and Montessori, shedding light on their unique features and helping you gain a better understanding of each approach.

Reggio Emilia Approach

Reggio Emilia Approach

Originating in the town of Reggio Emilia in Italy, the Reggio Emilia approach emphasizes the importance of collaboration, creativity, and self-expression in early childhood education. Key aspects of this approach include:

  • Child-Centered Learning: Reggio Emilia places the child at the center of their learning experience. The curriculum is driven by the interests and inquiries of the children, allowing them to explore and investigate topics that capture their curiosity.
  • Project-Based Learning: Projects are an integral part of the Reggio Emilia approach. Children engage in long-term, in-depth investigations on subjects of their choosing, promoting critical thinking and problem-solving skills, and fostering a sense of ownership over their learning.
  • The Role of the Environment: The physical environment plays a crucial role in the Reggio Emilia approach. Classrooms are often spacious, inviting, and carefully designed to inspire exploration. Natural materials and open-ended resources are incorporated to encourage creativity and imagination.
  • Read more about the Reggio Emilia Approach HERE.

Montessori Method

Montessori Method

Developed by Dr. Maria Montessori, the Montessori method is based on the belief that children possess a natural inclination for self-directed learning. Key features of this approach include:

  • Prepared Environment: Montessori classrooms are designed to be orderly, calm, and aesthetically pleasing. They are filled with specially designed materials that facilitate hands-on learning and encourage independent exploration.
  • Self-Directed Learning: In the Montessori method, children are encouraged to follow their own interests and work at their own pace. They have the freedom to choose activities from a range of materials, promoting self-discipline, concentration, and the development of intrinsic motivation.
  • Practical Life Skills: Montessori places a strong emphasis on practical life skills. Children are taught everyday tasks such as pouring, dressing, and cleaning, fostering independence, and building self-confidence.
  • Read more about the Montessori Method HERE.

Differences between Reggio Emilia and Montessori

Differences between Reggio Emilia and Montessori

While both Reggio Emilia and Montessori share a child-centered focus, there are notable differences between the two approaches:

  • Curriculum and Structure: Reggio Emilia does not follow a prescribed curriculum and allows children to drive the learning process. In contrast, Montessori employs a structured curriculum with a sequence of activities and materials that progressively build upon one another.
  • Teacher’s Role: In Reggio Emilia, teachers are viewed as facilitators and co-learners who guide and support children in their explorations. In Montessori, teachers take on a more directive role, providing individualized lessons and demonstrating the proper use of materials.
  • Assessment and Evaluation: Reggio Emilia relies heavily on qualitative assessment methods, such as observation and documentation, to track children’s progress. Montessori, on the other hand, incorporates more traditional forms of assessment, including checklists and standardized tests.


Both the Reggio Emilia and Montessori approaches have made significant contributions to early childhood education and have garnered praise from educators worldwide. While Reggio Emilia places a strong emphasis on creativity, collaboration, and project-based learning, Montessori focuses on independence, self-direction, and a carefully prepared environment. Ultimately, the choice between these two approaches depends on the preferences of parents, the needs of the child, and the educational philosophy that aligns with their values. Understanding the differences between Reggio Emilia and Montessori can help parents and educators make informed decisions regarding the best approach for their child’s educational journey.

Looking for a childcare that uses either the Reggio Emilia or Montessori approach? Search through Bumo’s network of vetted providers who offer both methods HERE!

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